Editorial Code of Conduct and Ethics

Our work is undertaken in the hope of contributing to a better world for future generations.

Our three core values are: a commitment to emancipatory politics; honesty; and integrity with self-reflection. These values underline not only our editorial protocol, but business operations, development and external communications.

As a media organisation with clear political commitments, Novara understands that trust is of paramount importance. The purpose of this code is, above all, to protect and foster that trust between Novara and our audience in our output, public communications and appearances with third parties. This code of conduct, as well as affirming our commitment to quality journalism, exists to ensure that everyone within the organisation upholds its founding principles, as outlined in our mission statement.

In the event of a complaint through the formal complaints and corrections procedure – outlined here – this code of conduct constitutes the standard against which our editorial team/members of our editorial team will be assessed. In the absence of an agreeable outcome favourable to all parties, this code will be the standard by which an external review panel will assess the conduct of editorial members.

IPSO Editors’ Code of Practice

Novara Media, as is common with most media outlets in Britain, considers the IPSO Editors’ Code a sound statement of ethical behaviour for our editorial team. It is published below so that all editorial staff can familiarise themselves with it:

The Code

The Code – including this preamble and the public interest exceptions below – sets the framework for the highest professional standards that members of the press subscribing to the Independent Press Standards Organisation have undertaken to maintain. It is the cornerstone of the system of voluntary self-regulation to which they have made a binding contractual commitment. It balances both the rights of the individual and the public’s right to know.

To achieve that balance, it is essential that an agreed Code be honoured not only to the letter, but in the full spirit. It should be interpreted neither so narrowly as to compromise its commitment to respect the rights of the individual, nor so broadly that it infringes the fundamental right to freedom of expression – such as to inform, to be partisan, to challenge, shock, be satirical and to entertain – or prevents publication in the public interest.

It is the responsibility of editors and publishers to apply the Code to editorial material in both printed and online versions of their publications. They should take care to ensure it is observed rigorously by all editorial staff and external contributors, including non-journalists.

Editors must maintain in-house procedures to resolve complaints swiftly (see the Novara complaints and corrections procedure here). A publication subject to an adverse adjudication must publish it in full and with due prominence, as required by IPSO.

1. Accuracy

  • The Press must take care not to publish inaccurate, misleading or distorted information or images, including headlines not supported by the text.
  • A significant inaccuracy, misleading statement or distortion must be corrected, promptly and with due prominence, and — where appropriate — an apology published. In cases involving IPSO, due prominence should be as required by the regulator.
  • A fair opportunity to reply to significant inaccuracies should be given, when reasonably called for.
  • The Press, while free to editorialise and campaign, must distinguish clearly between comment, conjecture and fact.
  • A publication must report fairly and accurately the outcome of an action for defamation to which it has been a party, unless an agreed settlement states otherwise, or an agreed statement is published.

2. Privacy

  • Everyone is entitled to respect for her/their/his private and family life, home, health and correspondence, including digital communications.
  • Editors will be expected to justify intrusions into any individual’s private life without consent. Account will be taken of the complainant’s own public disclosures of information.
  • It is unacceptable to photograph individuals, without their consent, in public or private places where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy.

3. *Harassment

  • Journalists must not engage in intimidation, harassment or persistent pursuit.
  • They must not persist in questioning, telephoning, pursuing or photographing individuals once asked to desist; nor remain on property when asked to leave and must not follow them. If requested, they must identify themselves and whom they represent.
  • Editors must ensure these principles are observed by those working for them and take care not to use non-compliant material from other sources.

4. Intrusion into Grief or Shock

  • In cases involving personal grief or shock, enquiries and approaches must be made with sympathy and discretion and publication handled sensitively. These provisions should not restrict the right to report legal proceedings.

5. *Reporting Suicide

  • When reporting suicide, to prevent simulative acts care should be taken to avoid excessive detail of the method used, while taking into account the media’s right to report legal proceedings.


  •  All pupils should be free to complete their time at school without unnecessary intrusion.
  •  They must not be approached or photographed at school without permission of the school authorities.
  • Children under 16 must not be interviewed or photographed on issues involving their own or another child’s welfare unless a custodial parent or similarly responsible adult consents.
  • Children under 16 must not be paid for material involving their welfare, nor parents or guardians for material about their children or wards, unless it is clearly in the child’s interest.
  • Editors must not use the fame, notoriety or position of a parent or guardian as sole justification for publishing details of a child’s private life.

7. *Children in sex cases

The press must not, even if legally free to do so, identify children under 16 who are victims or witnesses in cases involving sex offences.

In any press report of a case involving a sexual offence against a child –

  •  The child must not be identified.
  •  The adult may be identified.
  •  The word “incest” must not be used where a child victim might be identified.
  •  Care must be taken that nothing in the report implies the relationship between the accused and the child.

8. Hospitals

  • Journalists must identify themselves and obtain permission from a responsible executive before entering non-public areas of hospitals or similar institutions to pursue enquiries.
  •  The restrictions on intruding into privacy are particularly relevant to enquiries about individuals in hospitals or similar institutions.

9. *Reporting of Crime

  • Relatives or friends of persons convicted or accused of crime should not generally be identified without their consent, unless they are genuinely relevant to the story.
  • Particular regard should be paid to the potentially vulnerable position of children who witness, or are victims of, crime. This should not restrict the right to report legal proceedings.

10. *Clandestine devices and subterfuge

  •  The press must not seek to obtain or publish material acquired by using hidden cameras or clandestine listening devices; or by intercepting private or mobile telephone calls, messages or emails; or by the unauthorised removal of documents or photographs; or by accessing digitally-held information without consent.
  •  Engaging in misrepresentation or subterfuge, including by agents or intermediaries, can generally be justified only in the public interest and then only when the material cannot be obtained by other means.

11. Victims of sexual assault

The press must not identify victims of sexual assault or publish material likely to contribute to such identification unless there is adequate justification and they are legally free to do so.

12. Discrimination

  • The press must avoid prejudicial or pejorative reference to an individual’s, race, colour, religion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation or to any physical or mental illness or disability.
  • Details of an individual’s race, colour, religion, gender identity, sexual orientation, physical or mental illness or disability must be avoided unless genuinely relevant to the story.

13. Financial journalism

  • Even where the law does not prohibit it, journalists must not use for their own profit financial information they receive in advance of its general publication, nor should they pass such information to others.
  • They must not write about shares or securities in whose performance they know that they or their close families have a significant financial interest without disclosing the interest to the editor or financial editor.
  • They must not buy or sell, either directly or through nominees or agents, shares or securities about which they have written recently or about which they intend to write in the near future.

14. Confidential sources

  • Journalists have a moral obligation to protect confidential sources of information.

15. Witness payments in criminal trials

  • No payment or offer of payment to a witness – or any person who may reasonably be expected to be called as a witness – should be made in any case once proceedings are active as defined by the Contempt of Court Act 1981. This prohibition lasts until the suspect has been freed unconditionally by police without charge or bail or the proceedings are otherwise discontinued; or has entered a guilty plea to the court; or, in the event of a not guilty plea, the court has announced its verdict.
  • Where proceedings are not yet active but are likely and foreseeable, editors must not make or offer payment to any person who may reasonably be expected to be called as a witness, unless the information concerned ought demonstrably to be published in the public interest and there is an over-riding need to   make or promise payment for this to be done; and all reasonable steps have been taken to ensure  no financial dealings influence the evidence those witnesses give. In no circumstances should such payment be conditional on the outcome of a trial.
  • Any payment or offer of payment made to a person later cited to give evidence in proceedings must be disclosed to the prosecution and defence. The witness must be advised of this requirement.

16. *Payment to criminals

  •  Payment or offers of payment for stories, pictures or information, which seek to exploit a particular crime or to glorify or glamorise crime in general, must not be made directly or via agents to convicted or confessed criminals or to their associates – who may include family, friends and colleagues.
  •  Editors invoking the public interest to justify payment or offers would need to demonstrate that there was good reason to believe the public interest would be served. If, despite payment, no public interest emerged, then the material should not be published.

The Public Interest

There may be exceptions to the clauses marked * where they can be demonstrated to be in the public interest.

The public interest includes, but is not confined to:

  • Detecting or exposing crime, or the threat of crime, or serious impropriety.
  • Protecting public health or safety.
  • Protecting the public from being misled by an action or statement of an individual or organisation.
  • Disclosing a person or organisation’s failure or likely failure to comply with any obligation to which they are subject.
  • Disclosing a miscarriage of justice.
  • Raising or contributing to a matter of public debate, including serious cases of impropriety, unethical conduct or incompetence concerning the public.
  • Disclosing concealment, or likely concealment, of any of the above.
  • There is a public interest in freedom of expression itself.
  • The regulator will consider the extent to which material is already in the public domain or will or will become so.
  • Editors invoking the public interest will need to demonstrate that they reasonably believed publication – or journalistic activity taken with a view to publication – would both serve, and be proportionate to, the public interest and explain how they reached that decision at the time.
  • An exceptional public interest would need to be demonstrated to over-ride the normally paramount interests of children under 16.

Additional Expectations

In the event of a complaint made against a member of the editorial team, the above will be the minimum standard by which their actions will be judged.

Additionally, however, Novara Media expects the following standards to be met by members of the editorial team. These fall beyond the purview of the IPSO editorial code of conduct.


Those with access to personal information relating to other members of the Novara Media team, contributors and supporters are required to treat such information as confidential, and not disclose it to anyone except in the course of discharging formal responsibilities.

Conflicts of interest

Editorial members should be sensitive to the possibility that activities outside work (including holding office or being otherwise actively involved in organisations, companies or political parties) could be perceived as having a bearing on — or as coming into conflict with — the integrity of our journalism. Where this is the case, it is crucial all relevant information is disclosed.

Editorial members should be transparent about any outside personal or financial interests that might conflict with their professional performance, or could be perceived to do so. Furthermore they are expected to openly express their political views when prompted while representing the organisation. While Novara Media aims at telling our audience the truth, we also recognise that everyone has political commitments – even if most journalists are not required to disclose them – and that our audience benefits from being in receipt of ours.

Declarations of interest

  • It is always necessary to declare an interest when the editorial member is creating content about something with which she/they/he has a significant connection. The declaration should be made to the executive team.
  • A connection does not have to be a formal one before it is necessary to declare it. Acting in an advisory capacity in the preparation of a report for an organisation, for example, would require a declaration every time the team member oversaw content relating to it.
  • Editorial members should ensure that contributors are aware of these rules and make any necessary declaration.


  • Novara Media will not allow any payment, gift or other advantage to undermine accuracy, fairness or independence. Any attempts to induce favourable editorial treatment through the offer of gifts or favours should be reported to the executive team. Where relevant, payments, gifts or other advantages will be disclosed.
  • Editorial staff should not be influenced by commercial considerations in running content. This should always adhere to our standards, outlined in the rest of this document, and our mission statement as an organisation.


Staff members should not write about, photograph or make news judgments about any individual related by blood or marriage or with whom the staff member has a close personal, financial or romantic relationship. An editorial member who is placed in a circumstance in which the potential for this kind of conflict exists should consult the executive team.


Novara Media encourages its editors to appear on other media, as well as chair and appear on panels at events or as speakers. The project aims at spreading its core objectives as far as possible, and views its editorial team as a means by which to do so.

Nevertheless, there are specific platforms/individuals which members of the editorial team should not participate on or appear alongside:

  • Those representing the far-right who have explicitly admitted to holding fascist views.
  • Those who have engaged in persistent hate speech.
  • Those who have committed sexual assault or condoned sexual violence.

In instances where the above is unclear, the appropriate editorial member must consult the external review panel and get sign off from two members.


While Novara wishes to allow expression for as diverse a range of voices as possible, offering a platform for the entire left, we will not publish content with the following individuals:

  • Those representing the far-right who have explicitly admitted to holding fascist views.
  • Those who have engaged in persistent hate speech.
  • Those who have committed sexual assault or condoned sexual violence.

Where our audience thinks those boundaries are breached they should initiate a complaint, through our corrections and complaints procedure, which will be acted upon as quickly as possible. If, as a result of that complaint, a specific editor is found to have transgressed the code of conduct our external review panel will assess the situation. Subsequent action will be taken including:

  • A written warning: after two written warnings the external review panel will consult with the executive team in regard to next steps. This will result in either step (2) or (3).
  • A suspension: a duration of which, and attached with what conditions, which will be decided by the external review panel.
  • An expulsion: the conditions of which will be decided by the external review panel in consultation with the Novara Media executive.

These same actions also apply for any editorial member who breaches the code of conduct in regard to platforms.